Here are two related reasons why we have different perspectives, each depending on the definition.
We all live in the same world, which we experience through our same five senses.
We’re all exposed to the same facts.
Something else that’s common to all human beings: We’re told throughout our lives everyone’s as to why the world, what our senses reveal, and the facts we know are as they are. These explanations come to us from and through other people just like us . . . people who are born, live, experience, and are also taught current best guesses as to why before they die.
Those best guesses are accountings for what we all experience—interpretations about why things are as they are.
Those accountings combine to form what’s called a worldview.
Though we know our time is limited, we’re each driven by self-preservation—a desire to exist, thrive, and secure as much for ourselves as we can. Part of this desire shows up as a fundamental belief that our worldviews . . . our combined accountings of reality . . . are true.
We don’t tend to doubt our own thoughts, but rather choose to hear only whatever confirms that which we already think and believe.
Today this dynamic shows up as a sound-bite culture where everything that happens (the facts we all see and experience) is quickly spun according to a few major overarching worldviews.
People are divided when they naturally choose only to consume summaries of perspectives that appear to confirm their own.
Outlook and Maturity
The opposite of our innate drive for self-preservation and self-assurance is called reason.
Reason assumes no accounting, but questions all accountings as objectively as possible.
Reason digs behind each side’s easy sound bites to uncover their true sources. It studies those sources as thoroughly as possible over time until consensuses (theories) can be reached and then challenged more.
Though we all possess the ability to reason, it’s not something we’re driven by nature to do. It’s much easier to simply believe what “our side” says.
It’s only when our perspective is forced to —when we have to grow or mature in life—that we can no longer ignore the value of reason in the face of uncomfortable uncertainty, and the value of admitting our own limitations, biases, and unfounded assumptions.
Perspective is required to dig beneath whichever worldview(s) we’re comfortable holding to without good reason.
So the question becomes: How worthwhile is truth? Is it worth the pain of growth?